Research Abstracts Online
January 2009 - March 2010
University of Minnesota Twin Cities
Institute of Technology
Department of Chemistry
PI: Philippe Buhlmann
Molecule Receptors for Protonated Creatine
Creatinine is one of the most commonly determined analytes in clinical laboratories. Abnormal creatinine levels can be an indicator for renal and muscle diseases. Currently, creatinine is most often measured by the Jaffe reaction or by enzymatic methods. Both methods suffer from selectivity deficiencies, with interference caused by common substances in biological samples like glucose, urea, and many others. The ultimate goal of this project is to develop receptor-based chemical sensors for creatinine.
In order to make a successful and highly selective chemical sensor, molecules that specifically bind creatinine must be developed. The initial step in the receptor design is looking for theoretical support in choosing a molecular receptor that complexes protonated creatinine, i.e., the creatininium ion. The researchers have developed several theories acceptable for modeling creatinium, and will use their top ten for the next step, evaluating dipole moments, charge distribution, and proton affinities. The next step will be determining the hydrogen bond strength of each hydrogen bond donor and acceptor site on creatininium.
Nicole Settergren, Graduate Student