Wind Farm Modeling and Control
Current industrial turbines are controlled to maximize the power achieved by each individual turbine. This is the optimal strategy for each individual turbine but is sub-optimal for the wind farm as whole. The objective of this research is to design control algorithms to maximize overall power and reduce structural loads on turbines within a wind farm. This will lead to significant decreases in the cost of wind energy. The research makes use of a simulation package for modeling wind farms, a virtual wind simulator developed at St. Anthony Falls Laboratory (SAFL) by Fotis Sotiropoulos. This simulation package models the fluid dynamics within the wind farm. The group assisted SAFL in enhancing this software by adding closed-loop controllers to the turbines in the simulations to provide more realistic operating conditions.
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