Wind Farm Modeling and Control
Current industrial turbines are controlled to maximize the power achieved by each individual turbine. This is the optimal strategy for each individual turbine but is sub-optimal for the wind farm as whole. The objective of this research is to design control algorithms to maximize overall power and reduce structural loads on turbines within a wind farm. This will lead to significant decreases in the cost of wind energy. The research will make use of two simulation packages for modeling wind farms: the SOWFA simulation package developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL); and a virtual wind simulation developed at St. Anthony Falls Laboratory (SAFL) by Fotis Sotiropoulos. Both simulation packages model the fluid dynamics within the wind farm. The SOWFA package currently has a higher-fidelity model of the structural dynamics for each turbine.
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