Professor Mark Herzberg

DENT Diagnostic & Bio Science
School of Dentistry
Twin Cities
Project Title: 
Structure and Function of Antimicrobial Proteins and Interactions With Bacteria; S100A8/A9 in Head and Neck Cancer

This group's interdisciplinary includes the following projects using MSI:

  • Structure and function of calprotectin (S100A8/A9), an antimicrobial protein complex produced by innate immune cells and epithelial cells. The researchers are interested in how S100A8/A9 controls the intracellular levels of commensal and pathogenic bacteria on mucosal surfaces in vitro and in vivo and the occurrence of the highly prevalent oral infection, periodontitis. They have also discovered that S100A8/A9 controls the cell cycle checkpoint at G2/M. In head and neck cancer cells, this checkpoint is dysfunctional. The researchers have "repaired" carcinoma cells by transfection with either the genes or mRNAs for S100A8 and S100A9. They are now studying the role of S100A8/A9 in control of the G2/M-associated DNA repair mechanism.
  • -Omics databases. The researchers have developed RNA-seq and proteomic databases for Streptococcus gordonii and various deletion mutants as they try to understand how the organism adapts to environmental constraints.
  • Oral microbiome. The researchers are studying the role of the oral microbiome in experimental periodontitis and in carcinogen-induced oral cancer. Both use mouse models.

Project Investigators

Dr. Juan Abrahante Llorens
Trevor Gould
Professor Mark Herzberg
Suzie Hoops
Karen Johnstone
Dr Bruno Lima
Dr. Christopher Staley
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