CFANS Soil, Water & Climate
College of Food, Ag & Nat Res Sci
College of Food, Ag & Nat Res Sci
Atmospheric Composition and Chemistry
This group is pursuing a range of projects that aim to improve understanding of the chemical composition of the atmosphere, how it is affected by humans and by natural processes, and the implications for health, air pollution, and climate change.
Ongoing research foci include:
- Development of new satellite measurements of atmospheric isoprene, and global atmospheric modeling to interpret the data. Isoprene is the single most important non-methane volatile organic compound in the earth’s atmosphere, and shapes tropospheric composition through its impacts on ozone, aerosols, the atmosphere’s oxidizing capacity, and the nitrogen cycle.
- New volatile organic compound (VOC) measurements from space to understand anthropogenic, natural, and fire emissions to the atmosphere. Atmospheric VOCs play key roles in determining air quality, the nitrogen cycle, and the atmosphere’s oxidizing capacity. This new project will develop new capabilities for measuring VOCs from space and apply them to understand their global sources and impacts.
- Measuring wildfire emissions from space. Wildfire emissions have major impacts on air quality and climate and are increasing with climate change. This group is developing new satellite capabilities to map wildfire emissions from space.
- Closing the atmospheric methane budget. The researchers are using atmospheric modeling and 4DVar variational assimilation to interpret new aircraft and satellite measurements to advance scientific understanding and predictability of the North American and global methane budget. Methane is the second-most important human-caused greenhouse gas with a range of natural and anthropogenic sources that are not well constrained.
- Sources of volatile organic compounds in the remote atmosphere. This project combines chemical transport modeling and analysis of airborne observations to better understand the chemical composition of the remote atmosphere. The researchers are focusing specifically on applying the eddy covariance technique to quantify air-sea exchange of organic compounds.
- The Flux Closure Study (FluCS). This collaborative study aims to better understand the two-way chemical interactions between forests and the atmosphere. Terrestrial ecosystems are the largest source and a major sink of reactive carbon for the global atmosphere, and these two-way fluxes are a key lever controlling tropospheric composition. This work collects, processes, and analyzes large (multi-TB) high-resolution mass spectrometry datasets and performs atmospheric modeling to better quantify the impacts of air pollution on forest ecosystems, and vice versa.
- Quantifying urban air pollution emissions. This project applies high-resolution mass spectrometry measurements to measure and apportion air pollution measurements from New York City.
Research by this group was featured on the MSI website in:
- September 2020: Measuring Isoprene Levels for More Accurate Atmospheric Modeling
- October 2017: Nitrous Oxide Emissions Affected by Climate Change
- May 2017: Tracking Pollution Sources in Urban Water Systems
- September 2014: Air Pollution and Socioeconomic Status
Dr. Jared Brewer
Professor Dylan Millet
Dr. David Porter
Dr. Kelley Wells