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Assistant Professor Katy Kozhimannil (Health Policy and Management) and her colleagues recently published a study in the journal Health Affairs discussing the wide disparity in Cesarean delivery rates at US hospitals. The results from this nationwide study indicate that there may be a quality-of-care problem. The rates for Cesareans are of interest to the US government, because a high percentage of these procedures are funded by Medicare. The study was also written up by the New York Times.
Professor Kozhimannil uses MSI resources to support research into a number of issues related to health policy that impacts reproductive-age women and their families. Of special interest are institutional and government policies affecting health care delivery, quality, and outcomes during the perinatal period.
MSI PI Peter Seiler (Aerospace Engineering and Mechanics) has received an award through the NSF’s Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Program. The grant award is called “Probabilistic Tools for High Reliability Monitoring and Control of Wind Farms.” According to the NSF website, the CAREER program rewards junior faculty who “exemplify the role of teacher-scholars through outstanding research, excellent education and the integration of education and research within the context of the mission of their organizations.”
Professor Seiler is using MSI resources to develop algorithms designed to maximize the power of wind farms and reduce the structural loads on turbines. Rather than concentrating on maximizing the power of each individual wind turbine, this project studies the wind farm as a whole. The research group is using fluid dynamics simulations to study such factors as wake effects.
More information about Professor Seiler and this award can be found on the Department of Aerospace Engineering and Mechanics website.
SGI in Eagan, Minnesota has internships available for undergraduate and graduate students in Computer Science or similar degree programs. You can see details at the SGI website:
For more information, contact Shelly Zavoral at firstname.lastname@example.org or 651-683-3016.
Training available for students in US, Europe, and Japan at International Summer School on HPC Challenges in Computational Sciences
Graduate students and postdoctoral scholars in the United States, Europe, and Japan are invited to apply for the fourth International Summer School on HPC Challenges in Computational Sciences, to be held June 23-28, 2013, at New York University in New York City. The summer school is sponsored by the US National Science Foundation’s Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment (XSEDE) project, the European Union Seventh Framework Program’s Partnership for Advanced Computing in Europe (PRACE), and RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science (RIKEN AICS).
Leading American, European and Japanese computational scientists and high-performance computing technologists will offer instruction on a variety of topics, including:
- Access to EU, US, and Japanese cyberinfrastructures
- HPC challenges by discipline (e.g., bioinformatics, computer science, chemistry, and physics)
- HPC programming proficiencies
- Performance analysis and profiling
- Algorithmic approaches and numerical libraries
- Data-intensive computing
- Scientific visualization
The expenses-paid summer school will benefit advanced scholars from European, US, and Japanese institutions who use HPC to conduct research.
Further information and to apply for the 2013 summer school, visit the 2013 International HPC Summer School website. Applications are due by March 18.
RZG, Max Planck Society, Germany
NCSA, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, United States
About PRACE: The Partnership for Advanced Computing in Europe (PRACE) is an international non-profit association with its seat in Brussels. The PRACE Research Infrastructure provides a persistent world-class high performance computing service for scientists and researchers from academia and industry in Europe. The Implementation Phase of PRACE receives funding from the EU’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreements RI-261557, RI-283493, and RI-312763. For more information, see the PRACE website.
About RIKEN AICS: RIKEN is one of Japan's largest research organizations with institutes and centers in locations throughout Japan. The Advanced Institute for Computational Science (AICS) strives to create an international center of excellence dedicated to generating world-leading results through the use of its world-class supercomputer, “K computer.” It serves as the core of the “innovative high-performance computer infrastructure” project promoted by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology.
About XSEDE: The Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment (XSEDE) is the most advanced, powerful, and robust collection of integrated digital resources and services in the world. It is a single virtual system that scientists can use to interactively share computing resources, data, and expertise. The five-year project is supported by the US National Science Foundation. For more information, see the XSEDE website.
Three MSI Principal Investigators are co-authors on a paper that appears in the February 7, 2013 edition of the journal Nature (“APOBEC3B is an enzymatic source of mutation in breast cancer,” Nature, DOI:10.1038/nature11881 (2013)). The paper reports the researchers’ discovery of an enzyme that could be a source of mutations in breast-cancer tumors. This research could have broad implications for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. A press release about the research appears on the Masonic Cancer Center website.
Associate Professor Reuben Harris (Masonic Cancer Center, BMBB) was the lead researcher on the study. He has used MSI resources for several years in his investigations of mammalian APOBEC proteins. Professor Harris, in collaboration with MSI PI Associate Professor Hiroshi Matsuo (BMBB), previously studied how the protein APOBEC3G can alter the HIV genome. In 2008, this work was reported in Nature; MSI highlighted the research in the Fall 2008 MSI Research Bulletin and in an MSI Research Spotlight in January 2010.
Other MSI PIs working on this study include Professor Douglas Yee (Director, Masonic Cancer Center) and Professor Natalia Tretyakova (Masonic Cancer Center). Professor Yee uses MSI resources to support his research into the development of personalized, targeted drugs to fight breast cancer; Professor Tretyakova uses MSI to process data obtained from mass spectrometry analysis of how chemotherapeutic drugs affect DNA.